Author: Stacey Roy

Thailand’s Support for eSports Helps Boost Gaming Market and New Professions

Thailand’s Support for eSports Helps Boost Gaming Market and New Professions

Thailand is one of several Asian countries that gives full support to the gaming industry by encouraging the promotion of esports as a legit sports activity Through the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC), the Thai government plans to upgrade systems that will strengthen the foundations of esports, as doing so also underpins other related businesses and professions.

Currently, Thailand ranks 21st in the list of 100 countries with the highest winnings collected from esports tournaments, in which the country’s 1,100 competitive esports athletes won as much as $9,214, 591.00 According to Chutinat Wongsuban, NESDC’s Deputy Secretary General, the popularity of esports has grown tremendously in Thailand during the past decade, along with the continuing growth of the country’s gaming market.

Growth of Thailand’s eSports Population of Gamers and Audience

The most recent statistics show that in 2017, Thailand already had as many as 18.3 million gamers, which is about one-fourth of Thai’s population. That being the case, the NESDC Deputy Secretary strongly advocates for the government to further encourage game developers by offering assistance and tax incentives.

Aside from the growing number of players in Thailand, the number of spectators viewing esports tournaments in 2020 soared. Viewership comprises an estimated 2.6 million fans who streamed esports competitions online in light of the COVID-19 outbreak. The esports audience is expected to grow further by at least 30% in 2021, likely to increase streaming fees and eventually, ticket sales.

Thai Government’s Official Recognition of eSport as a Legit Sport Spurs the Creation of New Careers

In the economic front, the growing number of players and esports fans also spurred the creation of other careers and enterprises. The likes of which include game reviewers, game casters, tourney commentators, game referees, tournament organizers and streaming services.

To be more realistic, many highly skilled, top-ranking gamers also provide services as profile (โปรฟีฟาย) account players. The professional service and support are given to players who find it difficult to level up and attain higher ranks. Rank boosting enables weaker players to claim rank-associated rewards, including access to in-game weapons and cosmetics.

Although regarded as a form of cheating, rank-boosting is also one way by which newbies learn skills that take time and money to develop, if dependent on playing experiences alone. In the same context, some developers create apps that make rank-boosting services more viable for users, by having built-in anti detection measures.

Thailand’s Social Sector Calling for Laws to Protect Children Against Potential Harms of Gaming

However, certain sectors in Thailand’s society, such as parents, educators, and social health workers, have called attention to the lack of laws that oversee the gaming industry as a whole. Their main concerns are the potential adverse impacts of online gaming on the health of children.

At the very least, they want to see laws similar to those instituted by other countries, such as game ratings nased on age, limiting advertisements and promotions to adult audiences, as well as instituting guidelines for the supervision of esport tournaments and participants. .

At present, the only guidelines in place are administrative in nature, mostly applying only to video stores and Internet cafes with regard to duration of business hours and use of minors but without regard to appropriateness of gaming content.

Politics in Academic Publishing and the Criticism Against Academic Publishers

Politics in Academic Publishing and the Criticism Against Academic Publishers

Academic journals are much sought after because they offer information compiled, analyzed and written by academic researchers or scholars regarded as experts in the related field. Publishers of academic journals make certain that the materials they publish furnish reliable information by having the manuscripts peer-reviewed and edited.

Journals imparting knowledge about science and other academic topics have been made available by academic publishers as far back as 300 years ago. Since then, it is has been widely believed that people of a democratic society, must be encouraged to learn and comprehend science and other academic topics, as supplementary basis for making rational and sound decisions.

However, not many are aware that as the process of academic communication progressed through the years, it came to be that it became necessary for scholars to pay fees in order to have their research work published.

Even more disparaging for academic researchers is that they encountered difficulties in accessing the entire body of researched information available in their field, because research libraries cannot afford the cost of acquiring all scientific journals published.

That is because the politics behind academic publishing had instituted an economic model geared toward limiting access to published academic journals.

Academic Manuscripts: The Road to Publication

The first step taken by a committees of researchers in an academic organization is to secure funds from grant-awarding federal agencies like the National Institute of Health and the National Science Foundation. After a grant has been awarded, it is only then that a team of scholars and academic researchers proceed on the approved area of study, which usually includes conducting surveys, interviews and experiments.

It usually takes more than a year before a team of scholars arrive at a definitive conclusion, supported by well-researched details and thereafter embodied in a manuscript ready for publication.

When seeking to have their academic work published, the academic team would likely seek publication from publishers that rank high in the world of academic communication. Here, the economic aspect rears its ugly head because the higher the ranking of a journal, the greater the fees required by the academic publisher.

In turn, the publisher provides peer-review and editing services. The academic publisher waits for the recommendations of reviewers before arriving at a decision whether to accept or reject an academic manuscript for publication in their journal. Once a manuscript has been accepted and published in the academic journal, the material now becomes an intellectual property of the publisher.

Although the academic organization basically owns the copyright to their research reports, academic publishers require as a condition for final publication, the waiving of such right either explicitly or impliedly.

The Economic System of Academic Publishers

Inasmuch as scholars and scientists only seek to have their research reports published and disseminated widely, they accept the terms and conditions of the academic publisher that accepts their manuscript for publication. On the part of the academic writers, their rewards come in the form of career enhancement or advancement in the academic field.

Publishers however, reap the bulk of the economic benefits since they acquire and publish journals free of costs. They contend that they add value to a scientific report or scholarly article by providing peer review and editing processes, as well as incur distribution costs. That being the case, it is only logical for them to collect subscription fees from those who wish to access or include an academic journal in their library.

In addition, traditional academic publishers contend that the publication fees they charge academic writers are not as exhorbitant as those quoted by predatory publishers, who do not even provide the critical peer-review process.

The crux of the matter though is that academic publishers, whether traditional or predatory, drive hard bargains when it comes to distributing academically researched papers. So much so that they have attracted criticisms for making huge profits from freely acquired, well-researched scientific or academic materials.